Knowledge-based economy is based on the knowledge-based products and services, what has happened in our country well is rendering the knowledge-based services on which there are no ambiguities and its culture has completely been made.
According to a report by the information and public relations center of the scientific and technological department of presidential office, the seminar on commercialization of technology was held in the presence of a number of Iranian universities presidents and managers to study ways for the commercialization of technology in the universities at the venue of the scientific and technological department of presidential office. The results of the seminar are as follows:
Dr. Sarkar, the Secretary General of Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council (INIC): Knowledge-based economy is based on the knowledge-based products and services, what has happened in our country well is rendering the knowledge-based services on which there are no ambiguities and its culture has completely been made.
Given the freedom of action of our experts, they present and sell the best specialized activities that they have been trained for while gaining high revenues for even meeting their own interests which will also provide the national interests.
In this regard culture should be made that if a person turns an innovation into a good with his/her specialty, no obstacles and ambiguities should remain on his/her way and this should turn into a value.
I hope that with this move, a leap will be created in the universities since we believe that at least 10% of the members of the scientific board enjoy such potential and the university should take a positive look and support those who don’t have the necessary capacity and potential since they create specialized jobs and meet the country’s needs and we should have a constructive view.
Dr. Fathollahi, Vice-President of Tarbiat Modarres University for Research and Technology: The issue of the knowledge-based economy and its establishment in Iran is a complicated issue and the way to enter is not so that if we have planned for research and technology in a structural unit then certainly, we have the knowledge-based economy in our country. On the structure of the commercialization of the university achievements, there is no necessity for the innovator or the university researcher to enter the commercialization phenomenon.
Given the fact that the nature of university has always been the science and knowledge source how this thought can become compatible. What position the universities have and with which processes, rules and regulations these positions have been maintained and they play a role in the current body of Iran’s economy which is a resource-based economy since there is no economic role for the universities yet.
Why shouldn’t we look at the issue in this way that a structure will be designed so that it can study the commercialization of the achievements by the specialists and we model its commercialization process in another way? The main issue is a change in Iran’s economy which is now based on the natural resources and it is due to turn into a knowledge-based economy which is based on a never-ending resource by planning. Economy is an importance for the government and a pattern and some ruled should be defined for it. What shape our pattern will have for transferring from the traditional economy based on resources to a knowledge-based economy and if science and technology are to affect the people’s welfare, a macro plan should be designed for it. Business in Iran has its own pattern but we should change the economy with a plan and don’t suffice to a policy and merely establishment of knowledge-based companies doesn’t suffice although it is a good policy.
Dr. Amanizadeh: A pattern should be defined for the knowledge-based economy so that we can find the universities’ position in the country’s macro plan to clarify the path for the science ministry, the scientific and technological department of presidential office, investment sector and the related ministries and have knowledge-based economy.
The University of Tehran has implemented a plan in this regard and has had some approvals and has formed a knowledge-based economy workgroup. In line with this policy, it has compiled a regulation for the royalty which specifies different aspects of commercialization and the way of interaction of the professors with the investment companies, selling the technical knowledge and even if the professor wants to establish a company and some meetings have been held so that it will be clarified what is the source of evaluating the technical knowledge which is at present one of our biggest challenges. This move which has started by the scientific and technological department of presidential office is highly proper for both the universities and the professors and the rights of the universities should be specified in this regulation and its details should be studied.
The issue of selling the technical knowledge and designing a plan for it and creating the offices of transferring the technology and the management challenge are other issues which should be studied.
Dr. Ershad Langeroudi, the caretaker of Shiraz University: The knowledge-based economy means turning the science into wealth and the dire need of universities to it since the universities have no option but implementing it and the university’s progress in the economy and creating jobs, the country will progress.
But it needs some preliminaries since we should know how the professors who want to enter the commercialization and knowledge-based economy should work and a regulation should be defined in this regard so that the financial, service-providing, training and research relation between the professors and universities will be defined clearly. The second issue is the prize and support for the universities which is highly important.
Dr. Kaafi, the President of Ferdousi University in Mashhad: The universities should pay attention to this point that given the creation of technology and its commercialization, we shouldn’t stop in moving on the knowledge borders and the elite students shouldn’t stop going towards producing technologies and shouldn’t neglect the production of advanced science.
The other point is that if we want to persuade the professors and universities into production of the country’s needed technologies, we should take the issue of compilation of the promotion regulation serious. The other issue is the quantification criteria and given the experiences that Mashhad University has had in this regard, it should be studied seriously. And the other point is that if a technology has been created in a thesis, it should be supported and be introduced to the market along with its technologist. I wish that the universities would produce technology as demanded by the market instead of producing technologies some of which are accepted by the market.
Dr. Irannejad, the former Deputy of Amirkabir University for technology research: Our share in the GDP is not so much and the science ministry should pursue this issue since if the research is important to us, we should evaluate it based on the standard number that exists.
On the technology, it should be said that the problem of implementing the law of supporting the knowledge-based companies which had remained untouched for some years due to the non-coordination between the science ministry and the scientific and technological department of presidential office has been settled and necessary coordination has been made and we hope that this law will be implemented.
There are also other problems on the issue of entering the knowledge-based economy and one of them is reviewing the system for providing financial resources and facilities of the growth and entrepreneurship centers in the universities. Specifying the type of relations between the science ministry and the growth centers and parks and presenting a pattern for deciding about the way of universities’ partnership in the knowledge-based and university companies is another problem. Presenting a pattern for the strategic establishment of knowledge-based companies and supervision on them and deciding about the paragraphs of the executive regulation which has been entrusted to the universities is among other problems which I noticed.
Dr. Esfahani: We have ambiguities at three levels, the first level is specifying the universities’ role in the science and technology cycle. Specifying the internal structure of the university to fulfill this mission and defining the border of activities’ type for the members of the scientific board are among other ambiguities that exist and they should be studied seriously.
Also, the issue of clear support for these companies and the growth centers and deciding about the intellectual property are among other issues which should be studied. Therefore, I hope that holding such meetings will continue so that we reach an agreement in this regard through consultations and then a comprehensive regulation will be compiled.
Eng. Dehbidipour, Head of the Growth Center of Sharif University of Technology: I prefer the royalty pattern based on my experience, we as the universities are not good shareholders since we are a part of governmental institutions and shareholding has many complications and therefore it is better that the universities don’t enter the issue of shareholding.
* The honorable researchers and elites are invited to send their viewpoints for being published on the internet to the information base of the scientific and technological department of presidential office at “isti.ir” to discuss and exchange views in different fields of policy-making and science and technology management.