Technology & Development Headquarters
Biotechnology is known as one of the state-of-the-art technologies in 21st century and is among the seven key industries which will determine the socioeconomic destiny of communities in the coming decades.
Biotechnology has a long history and is very well-developed in Iran. The history of biotechnology research and academic centers in Iran goes back to a century ago when traditional biotechnology initially was employed to develop medicines and vaccines at the Pasteur Institute of Iran (PII).
The Pasteur Institute, founded in 1921, and the Razi Institute for Serums and Vaccines, founded in 1924, are two well-established centers in Iran for biotechnology research. The Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, founded in 1976 and affiliated to the University of Tehran, is also engaged in biological research. The Biotechnology Institute at the Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST), founded in 1980, has been actively involved in traditional biotechnology research since its establishment and has gradually shifted its activities to modern biotechnology.
The history of modern biotechnology in Iran dates back to 1980’s. The establishment of the National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology in 1989 marks a significant point in developing modern methods of biotechnology in the country. With respect to its priority and strategic importance for the Islamic Republic, the Biotechnology Development Council affiliated to the Vice-Presidency for Science and Technology was established in 2008 as the main body for policymaking, planning, executive leadership, coordination and monitoring biotechnological research in the country.
In general, enormous biodiversity in terms of ecosystem, species, and geographical variation; rich natural resources; and unique genetic patterns found in humans, plants, animals, and microorganisms has made obtaining and making use of this vital and transformative technology possible for Iran. Consequently, Iran has made large investments and dramatic progress in biotechnological research, especially over the past decade.